In 2016–17, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare reported a 60% drop in millet cultivation area (14.72 million hectares) owing to changes in consumption patterns, the conversion of irrigated land to wheat and rice production.This causes malnutrition in mothers and children by lowering vitamin A, protein, iron, and iodine levels.
Millets are abundant in minerals, including calcium, iron, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium. Other nutrients are also present, including folic acid, vitamin B6, beta-carotenniacin, and niacin. The presence of abundant lecithin is beneficial for boosting the neurological system
Millets have a high concentration of phytochemicals such as tannins, phytosterols, polyphenols, and antioxidants, but they also have certain anti-nutritional effects.
Millets are very adaptable since they can thrive in a variety of environments. This includes the lowlands of Andhra Pradesh’s coast, the relatively high elevations of the Northeastern states, and the hills of Uttarakhand. Millets can thrive in many climates and soil types, including rich and barren environments.