Challenges Faced by Women in Indian Agriculture

Women farmers face numerous unique obstacles in agriculture


Lacking credit, fertilizer, or seed can significantly decrease production; and being excluded from market information or pricing negotiations reduces their bargaining power in the marketplace (Vidyakala 2018).

Gender norms that restrict women’s mobility, decision-making power and participation in agricultural activities can limit women’s mobility.

Land tenure reforms that prioritize women’s rights could help address ownership and control gaps on agricultural lands; additionally, a social safety blanket providing vital financial protection could serve women farmers or farm widows.

Women farmers play an essential role in India’s economy despite these challenges, providing household food and nutrition security by accounting for almost half of India’s agricultural labor force and producing high-growth commodities like milk and fruit.