The growing of plants without the use of soil is known as hydroponics. Herbs, flowers, and veggies grown hydroponically are planted in the neutral growing substrate and fed nutrient-rich liquids, oxygen, and moisture. This method encourages quick expansion, higher yields, and higher quality. Whenever a crop is grown in soil, its root systems are constantly looking for nutrients to keep the plant alive.
When a plant’s root system is directly exposed to moisture and nutrition, the plant doesn’t have to expend any energy to survive. The energy used by the roots to obtain water and food can be diverted to the plant’s growth. As a result, leaf growth, as well as fruits and flowers blooming, improves. There are 6 different types of hydroponic systems:
Aeroponic systems are by far the most rising hydroponic systems available. However, once you grasp how they function, they are not that difficult. The roots of an aeroponic system are mainly suspended in the air. Rather than running a thin layer of nutrients along one tube, an aeroponic system can achieve this by spraying the plant roots with a nutrient constantly. Many growers choose to spray on a cycle, but the period is so much shorter, with only a few mins between mists. It is also essential to sprinkle continuously with a smaller sprayer to guarantee that more oxygen reaches the plant roots.
In the Nutrient Film Technique plants are grown in tubes with a fertilizer solution that is continuously pumped through them and runs along the bottom. Whenever the solution comes to the end of the tube, it falls into a major reservoir and is returned to the system’s start. Plants are planted one by one in those tubes using netting containers and growing material, and they can be changed or harvested at any time.
Ebb and Flow System:
The Ebb and Flow system are very efficient and, based on the condition, may be the best option. An Ebb and Flow technique don’t expose the plants’ roots to nutritional solutions continuously. Rather, you cultivate your plants in a tray with a growth medium. Flooding is performed with the help of a reservoir beneath the tray, a pump, and a controller that allows the flooding cycle to be scheduled. After trays are filled, gravity lowers the liquid back into the tank, in which an air compressor and air stones oxygenate it. The process continues while it stays there waiting for the next flood period.
Deep water culture seems to be the simplest kind of hydro system to manage. A reservoir is used in a DWC system to retain a nutrition solution. The plants’ roots are floating in that liquid, ensuring that they have access to oxygen, nutrients, and water at all times. Users use an air compressor with an air stone to push bubbling into the nutritional liquid to carry oxygen. This keeps the roots from dying in the water, which may seem strange, but it happens to a lot of new hydroponic gardeners. The net containers will provide a place for the very start of the root system and plants branches if you add sufficient hydroponic growing material to them.
Plants on a tray that rests on top of a tank are nested in growing material in a wick system. A freshwater solution containing dissolved nutrients is kept in this reservoir. Wicks are transported from the tank to the grow bed using wicks. Water resources run up the wick, saturating the growth media all around plants. Simple materials like wire, rope or felt can be used to make these wicks. Maybe the most basic type of hydroponics is the wick system. Wick systems are quiet hydroponics, which means they don’t need mechanical components like a pump to work. This makes it great for circumstances when electricity is unavailable.
Drip system delivers fluid through a system of tubes. The liquid is carefully dripped into the rooting medium around the root system, ensuring that the plants are kept moist and very well. Drip systems are the main and most widely used hydroponics method, particularly among commercial producers. Plants or large irrigation systems can both benefit from drip irrigation. There seem to be two types of drip system hydroponics setups: non-recovery and recovery. Extra water drains from the growing media into the reservoir and is recycled back during the next drip phase in recovery systems, which are more common with at-home producers. Extra water leaks out of the growth media in non-recovery setups and goes to waste.
There are six basic kinds of hydroponic systems, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Regardless of which one you choose, if you properly care for the plants, they will grow rapidly. If you are having problems, you should be able to fix them and just get the plants back in shape with hydroponics’ incredible flexibility.